Skip to main content
No Access

Using Facebook to explore adolescent identities

Published Online:pp 370-386https://doi.org/10.1504/IJSMILE.2013.057464

This study examines the construction, deconstruction and reconstruction of adolescent identities through an exploration of their social practices within a digital landscape using mobile devices and Facebook for learning in the classroom and in their lives. Using a mixed methods research approach of qualitative case study analysis and quantitative surveying, the research investigates the relationship between a multiliteracies pedagogy and the development of adolescent digital literacies and identity. More specifically, it answers the following research questions: 1) How are adolescents’ identities shaped and performed, as they use new media tools and social media in the classroom? 2) How does the use of mobile devices and Facebook in the classroom potentially transform teaching and learning literacy practices? The researchers found that using social networking sites such as Facebook can motivate students to engage with the content and explore how they perform their identities to others, but privacy issues are still a concern to some students.

Keywords

multiliteracies, adolescents, digital literacies, Facebook, pedagogy, identities, mobile devices, social practices

References

  • 1. Alvermann, D.E. (2010). Adolescents’ Online Literacies: Connecting Classrooms, Digital Media, &Popular Culture. New York:Peter Lang Google Scholar
  • 2. Anstey, M. , Bull, G. (2006). Teaching and Learning Multiliteracies: Changing Times, Changing Literacies. Newark:International Reading Association Google Scholar
  • 3. Beach, R. , Appleman, D. , Hynds, S. , Wilhelm, J. (2011). Teaching Literature to Adolescents. New York:Routledge Google Scholar
  • 4. Black, R. , Knobel, M. Lankshear, C. (2007). ‘Digital design: English language learners and reader reviews in online fiction’. A New Literacies Sampler. New York:Peter Lang , 115-136 Google Scholar
  • 5. Bosch, T.E. (2009). ‘Using online social networking for teaching and learning: Facebook use at the University of Cape Town’. Communication: South African Journal for Communication Theory and Research. 35, 2, 185-200 Google Scholar
  • 6. boyd, D. , Buckingham, D. (2006). ‘Identity production in a networked culture: why youth heart. The role of networked publics in teenage social life’. Youth, Identity, and Digital Media. Cambridge, MA:MIT Press , 119-142 Google Scholar
  • 7. Bruce, D. , Christenbury, L. (2009). ‘Reading and writing video: media literacy and adolescents’. Handbook of Adolescent Literacy Research. New York:The Guilford Press , 287-303 Google Scholar
  • 8. Bruner, J. (1994). Acts of Meaning: Four Lectures on Mind and Culture. Cambridge:Harvard University Press Google Scholar
  • 9. Cope, B. Kalantzis, M. (2000). Multiliteracies: Literacy Learning and the Design of Social Futures. London:Routledge Google Scholar
  • 10. Facebook (accessed 9 May 2013), [online] https://www.facebook.com/press/info.php?statistics Google Scholar
  • 11. Fairclough, N. (1995). Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language. London:Longman Publishing Group Google Scholar
  • 12. Fox, Z. ‘Kony 2012 may be flawed, but slacktivism isn’t the enemy’. Mashable. 2012, 03, 9, (accessed 1 February 2013), [online] http://mashable.com/2012/03/09/kony-slacktivism/ Google Scholar
  • 13. Irwin, C. , Ball, L. , Desbrow, B. , Leveritt, M. (2012). ‘Students’ perceptions of using Facebook as an interactive learning resource at university’. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology. 28, 7, 1221-1232 Google Scholar
  • 14. Jenkins, H. (2006). Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Collide. New York:New York University Press Google Scholar
  • 15. Jones, R.H. , Hafner, C.A. (2012). Understanding Digital Literacies: A Practical Introduction. New York:Routledge Google Scholar
  • 16. Madden, M. , Lenhart, A. , Cortesi, S. , Gasser, U. , Duggan, M. , Smith, A. , Beaton, M. (2013). Teens, Social Media, and Privacy, Pew Internet and American Life Project Report. (accessed 27 May 2013), [online] http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2013/Teens-Social-Media-And-Privacy.aspx Google Scholar
  • 17. McCarthy, J. (2012). ‘International design collaboration and mentoring for tertiary students through Facebook’. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology. 28, 5, 755-775 Google Scholar
  • 18. Miles, M. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Handbook. Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage Publications Google Scholar
  • 19. Mills, K.A. (2010). ‘A review of the ‘digital turn’ in the New Literacy Studies’. Review of Educational Research. 80, 2, 246-271 Google Scholar
  • 20. Rambe, P. (2012). ‘Critical discourse analysis of collaborative engagement in Facebook postings’. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology. 28, 2, 295-314 Google Scholar
  • 21. Shih, R.C. (2011). ‘Can Web 2.0 technology assist college students in learning English writing? Integrating Facebook and peer assessment with blended learning’. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology. 27, 5, 829-845 Google Scholar
  • 22. Siemens, G. (2006). Connectivism: Learning Theory or Pastime for the Self-Amused?. (accessed 25 April 2013), [online] http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/connectivism_self-amused.htm Google Scholar
  • 23. Stake, R. , Denzin, N. Lincoln, Y. (2000). ‘Case studies’. Handbook of Qualitative Research. 2nd ed., Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage Publications , 435-454 Google Scholar
  • 24. Strauss, A. , Corbin, J. (1990). Basics of Qualitative Research: Grounded Theory, Procedures and Techniques. Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage Publications Google Scholar
  • 25. Wang, Q.Y. , Woo, H.L. , Quek, C.L. , Yang, Y.Q. , Liu, M. (2012). ‘Using the Facebook group as a learning management system: an exploratory study’. British Journal of Educational Technology. 43, 3, 428-438 Google Scholar
  • 26. Weber, S. , Mitchell, C. , Buckingham, D. (2008). ‘Imagining, keyboarding, and posting identities: Young people and new media technologies’. Youth, Identity, and Digital Media. Cambridge:The MIT Press , 25-48 Google Scholar
  • 27. Ziegler, S. (2007). ‘The (mis)education of generation M’. Learning, Media and Technology. 32, 1, 69-81 Google Scholar