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Assessing structural health of helicopter fuselage panels through artificial neural networks hierarchies

Published Online:pp 216-234https://doi.org/10.1504/IJRS.2013.057091

Online assessment of the structural health of aircrafts is crucial both in military and civilian settings. In this paper, Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are exploited to obtain a reliable system performing two tasks: diagnosis and prognosis. Diagnosis is devoted to (a) detect a crack, (b) identify the component of the panel involved (bay or stringer) and (c) estimate crack centre and size. Prognosis aims at estimating the evolution of the crack and the Remaining Useful Life (RUL). Training of the ANNs is performed on data sets built through finite elements simulation. Two different ANN hierarchies are presented for diagnosis. Crack evolution is performed for cracks on bay and stringer, separately. Two ANNs are used to estimate the parameters of a crack propagation model (NASGRO equation) for RUL prediction.

Keywords

structural health monitoring system, artificial neural network, hierarchies of classifiers

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