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Working poor, labour market and social protection in the EU: a comparative perspective

Published Online:pp 71-88

This paper offers some crucial insights into the incidence and determinants of in–work poverty in the EU. It shows that in–work poverty plays a principal role in the determination of overall poverty, and it explores the impact of the social protection system and labour market conditions on the incidence of in–work poverty. The comparative analysis illustrates that higher flexibility in the labour market may have an unfavourable impact on in–work poverty. It also brings to the fore the prominent role of the social protection system in the alleviation of poverty among the working population.


in–work poverty, labour market conditions, social protection, welfare regimes, European Union, working poor, labour flexibility