Skip to main content
No Access

The jobs impact of GHG reduction strategies in the USA

Published Online:pp 380-401

This paper estimates the economic and jobs impact of the USA displacing 1.2 billion tons of carbon emissions annually by 2030 using energy efficiency and renewable energy. We assess the technologies deployed, their costs, and the necessary time frames. We then estimate the job impacts of the policy and find that it will generate more than 4.5 million net jobs. We disaggregate the jobs created by industry, occupation, skill, and salary, and discuss the policy implications of these findings. Our major conclusion is that climate mitigation initiatives can be a major net job creator for the USA.


climate change mitigation, global warming jobs, GHG job impact, energy efficiency and renewable energy jobs, USA


  • 1. A. Al-Amin, W. Filho, '‘Towards long-term climate change mitigation: the role of low-carbon growth planning’' International Journal of Global Warming (2012) Google Scholar
  • 2. American Council for Capital Formation and National Association of Manufacturers, Analysis of the Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act (s. 2191) using the National Energy Modeling System (2008) Google Scholar
  • 3. American Solar Energy Society, Tackling Climate Change in the U.S.: Potential Carbon Emissions Reductions from Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by 2030 (2007) Google Scholar
  • 4. R. Bezdek, R. Hirsch, R. Wendling, The Impending World Energy Mess (2010) Google Scholar
  • 5. Brookings Institution, Consequences of Cap and Trade (2009) Google Scholar
  • 6. Center for American Progress (CAP), Green Recovery: A Program to Create Good Jobs and Start Building a Low-Carbon Economy (2008) Google Scholar
  • 7. Coalition for Affordable American Energy (CAAE), Impact on the Economy of the Climate Provision in the Obama Administration’s FY 2010 Budget (2009) Google Scholar
  • 8. A. Greenspan, The Age of Turbulence (2007) Google Scholar
  • 9. Heritage Foundation, The Economic Costs of the Lieberman-Warner Climate Change Legislation (2008) Google Scholar
  • 10. C. Kutscher, '‘Tackling climate change: can we afford it?’' Solar Today (2008) Google Scholar
  • 11. Management Information Services, Inc., Development of Economic and Job Impacts Analysis: Tool and Technology Deployment Scenario Analysis (2009) Google Scholar
  • 12. B. Mandal, S. Palit, A. Chowdhuri, B.K. Mandal, '‘Environmental impact of using biodiesel as fuel in transportation: a review’' International Journal of Global Warming (2011) Google Scholar
  • 13. National Black Chamber of Commerce (NBCC), Impact on the Economy of the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (H.R.2454) (2009) Google Scholar
  • 14. M. Uddin, A. Rahman, '‘Techniques to implement in green data centres to achieve energy efficiency and reduce global warming effects’' International Journal of Global Warming (2011) Google Scholar
  • 15. US Bureau of Labor Statistics, '‘Green Jobs’' (2012) Google Scholar
  • 16. US Congressional Budget Office, The Estimated Costs to Households from the Cap-and-Trade Provisions of H.R. 2454 (2009) Google Scholar
  • 17. US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Atmospheric Programs, (2009) Google Scholar