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Two models of family firms in dividends and investments policy

Published Online:pp 320-343https://doi.org/10.1504/GBER.2016.076233

The purpose of our research is to verify the role of the family variable in the dividends policy and investments one, distinguishing family firms (FFs) and non-family firms (NFFs) and between large FFs (FFs listed in FTSE MIB index) and medium-sized FFs (FFs listed in STAR index), in terms of dividends and investments policies adopted. Medium-sized FFs have a weaker dividends distribution policy than large FFs, due to a high interest in saving the liquidity in order to finance the attractive investment opportunities. Large FFs are interested in a stronger dividends policy, in order to attract new shareholders and reward the old ones, more than with large NFFs. FFs have a stronger investments policy compared with NFFs and this difference is more evident in medium-sized companies. The medium-sized FF can take advantage of the power of the family to maintain a continuous growth and development of the business, even when liquidity is restricted.

Keywords

family firms, family businesses, dividends policy, investment policy, liquidity, new shareholders, shareholder rewards, large companies, medium-sized companies